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The Essential Guard: Why Your Home Needs a High-Quality Water Filtration System

The journey of the water drop.

 Many people do not think about the journey the water has been on to reach your tap. Generally, it is a complex process that involves multiple steps. This journey can vary depending on your geographical location and the source of your water, but generally, it follows a similar path.

Throughout this path the water is treated with various chemicals for many reasons, such as flocculation to remove sediments, Chlorination to kill bacteria and commonly treated with Fluoride to help prevent tooth decay. It then travels through a network of pipes to reach your tap. Predominantly, these pipes are very old and corroded and, in some cases, even made of lead, which poses a threat in itself.

Let’s look at some of the contaminants in our water and why we should be removing these with an adequate filter system.

Chlorine – When chlorine is added to water, it reacts with organic and inorganic matter in the water, such as decaying vegetation and other natural substances. This reaction leads to the formation of various DBPs, the most common groups being trihalomethanes (THMs) and halo acetic acids (HAAs). These compounds are formed when chlorine reacts with natural organic matter in water.

Health Effects of DBPs:

Cancer Risk: Several studies have shown that certain DBPs are linked to an increased risk of cancer, particularly bladder cancer. The risk is associated with long-term exposure to high levels of these chemicals.

 Reproductive Issues: Exposure to high levels of DBPs has also been linked to reproductive problems, including miscarriages and birth defects.

Respiratory Issues: Inhalation of vapors containing chlorine and DBPs during activities like showering can potentially lead to respiratory issues.

Fluoride – Fluoride is a mineral commonly added to public water supplies and dental products like toothpaste to help prevent tooth decay. While fluoride is effective at promoting dental health, there is ongoing debate and research into the potential side effects of long-term fluoride consumption, particularly when it is ingested in large quantities

Dental Fluorosis: The most common side effect of excessive fluoride intake, especially during the early years of tooth development, is dental fluorosis. This condition is characterized by changes in the appearance of the tooth enamel. Teeth may exhibit mild discolouration with white specks or streaks, and in severe cases, they can have brown stains or pitting. Dental fluorosis is primarily a cosmetic issue and occurs during tooth development before the teeth break through the gums.

Skeletal Fluorosis: This is a much rarer condition than dental fluorosis and can occur as a result of long-term exposure to high levels of fluoride, typically from contaminated water or severe environmental pollution. Skeletal fluorosis leads to pain and damage to bones and joints. In severe cases, it can cause changes to bone structure, calcification of ligaments, and reduced joint mobility.

  Thyroid Problems: There is some evidence suggesting that excessive fluoride intake could be linked to impaired thyroid function. High levels of fluoride might lead to reduced thyroid gland activity, potentially resulting in hypothyroidism. This condition can lead to symptoms like fatigue, weight gain, and depression.

 Neurological Effects: Some studies, particularly those carried out in regions with endemic fluoride exposure from drinking water, suggest a potential link between high fluoride levels and developmental neurological issues. Research has indicated an association between high fluoride exposure in children and lowered IQ scores, though these findings are subject to ongoing debate and require further investigation.

Other Effects: Excessive fluoride intake has also been linked to other health issues, such as gastrointestinal problems when fluoride supplements are taken on an empty stomach, and possibly an increased risk of bone fractures.

Nitrates –

 The primary source of high nitrate levels in New Zealand is intensive agricultural practices, particularly dairy farming, which is a major industry in the country. The use of synthetic fertilizers and the disposal of animal waste contribute to nitrate pollution. This issue is especially prevalent in regions with high dairy farm concentrations, such as Canterbury and Southland.

Methemoglobinemia: The most immediate and severe health risk from high nitrate levels in drinking water is methemoglobinemia, commonly known as “blue baby syndrome.” This condition primarily affects infants under six months of age. It occurs when nitrates interfere with the blood’s ability to carry oxygen, resulting in an oxygen deficiency that can be fatal if not treated promptly.

Cancer: There is ongoing research into the potential link between nitrates in drinking water and an increased risk of certain types of cancer, particularly colorectal cancer. The concern arises from the ability of nitrates to form nitrosamines, which are potent carcinogens, under certain conditions in the human digestive system.

Other Health Issues: High nitrate levels might also contribute to other health issues, such as thyroid disorders and chronic conditions like diabetes and cardiovascular diseases. However, these associations require further study to establish clear causative links.

The Solution..

A high-quality filter system with the right specs can help significantly reduce the exposure to these contaminants and 1000’s of others.

Generally, systems with slower flow rates and a dedicated tap will always out preform higher flow systems. This is because the water is going through a more intense process, it has longer exposure times to activated stage/s. Most whole-house systems will only filter to 5 – 10 micron and adopt GAC filters, great at removing sediments and Chlorine, not effective in removing Fluoride, Nitrates, Parasites and Bacteria.

 Activated block carbon is the most effective method of adsorption for chemical contaminants.

Reverse osmosis is generally the most effective method for removing contaminants, however there is an inherent drawback of this process producing acidic water as it also removes healthy minerals (Calcium, Magnesium, Potassium, etc).

Our UFX3 system is specifically designed for New Zealand water supply, with 4 stages it adopts 2 activated carbon block stages, a poly sediment stage and an Ultra Filtration 0.01-micron membrane. This system is highly efficient in reducing Chlorine, Fluoride, Chlorimine, Rust, VOC’s, Lead and other heavy metals, Parasites and Bacteria. Lab tested in New Zealand; this system has proven significant reductions in Nitrate-N.

Take control of your water quality.

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